The As-a-Service Economy is all about achieving the outcomes we most want with a great service experience. So let's look at how to avoid that not happening and becoming legacy businesses that failed to stay ahead of the demand curve.
The perfect anti-example is Subway. Back in 2001, the release of Fast Food nation shocked much of the Western world into realizing we were slowly killing ourselves on pink-slime infused fast food. It was great for Subway as it sold sandwiches that - for all intents and purposed at the time - we thought were a far healthier option than Burger King. And it seemed to taste OK too...
Fast forward to today - people are increasingly aware that chemically-preserved fake colored bread, cheap antibiotic-induced meats and pesticide-flavored vegetables aren't much worse for you than a greasy concoction of pink slime, protein and french fries.
Coupled with this is the service experience - I accidentally ventured into a Subway the other day (one of those once-in-every-five yearly visits, where you are just so damn hungry and want to avoid the golden arches). The only desired outcome is to subdue hunger - in the vain hope it may be a somewhat enjoyable experience in the process. To cut the the chase, the restaurant was filthy - every single table was covered in food remnants, the toilet stank, the staff were curious life forms from some distant planet... and the sandwich was just lame. Net-net, I had just about achieved the outcome I was looking for, but the service experience was horrible. I will not venture back for at least another five years. Hopefully never.
On the flip side, if my desired outcome was to have a tasty fast-food burger - and to hell with the consequences - I would just have had one. I know exactly what to expect and the experience and outcome is clear - unhealthy tasty food that is enjoyable and fills the hunger hole. So contrast the two outcomes - a nasty sandwich versus and tasty enjoyable burger, that is probably only 10% more unhealthy (source HfS, 2015).
The Bottom-line: Once you lose touch with your customers' desired outcomes, do something fast to find them again, or resign yourself to a slow extinction
I don't want to spend hours reviewing Subway's income and profitability, as I am sure they have their quarterly accounting revenue model down-pat - they sell cheap(ish) food to people who probably don't care that much about food, and don't have much understanding of what bad food chemicals can do to your insides.
But I am sure that even many of their loyal customers are slowly wisening up to the experience, and the brand will eventually need to do something radically different to continue its existence - their stuff just doesn't taste as good at their nemesis alternatives and it's not even good for you.
The answer is quite simple - how can they produce a healthier, better tasting product with a less crappy service experience. Oh wait - Starbucks has already figured that out and you can even get a better meal in a Dunkin Donuts or Tim Hortons these days (and that's saying something). Sorry Subway - you're legacy and probably confined to the once-great corporate successes that failed to evolve its services experience to meet changing customer desired outcomes.