We received a few messages yesterday requesting we stay "provocative and edgy", now that we've declared that we should be taken seriously as a cohesive group of professional analysts.
So without further ado, I went and dragged our new Research Fellow, Mr Lee Coulter, out of his woodwork shed to lay it on large with some strong words on sourcing catastrophes, and some steps enterprises can take to try and avoid them... over to you, Mr Coulter:
Avoiding sourcing catastrophes
An event resulting in great loss or misfortune. That’s how Webster defines catastrophe. In the world of outsourcing, the stories of catastrophe are legendary, and the statistics on how often it occurs are not very reassuring. What is it about the strategic services sourcing space that makes it so prone to issues? Even if things don’t end in public catastrophe, the stories of mutual success are just not that numerous. The question remains: how does one avoid catastrophe?
To use Six Sigma jargon, my own analysis tells me there are a “vital few” contributors to catastrophe. When I analyze the laundry list of visible symptoms of outsourcing catastrophes, I keep coming back to two root causes. Not surprisingly, these same factors, when included in the process, are often the elements that advantage an outsourcing relationship for success. So what are they?
Strategic alignment is first and foremost. There is a lot to say about this, but let me put it in simple terms: Outsourcing is not a strategy. It is a strategic enabler to meeting business goals. What goals you ask? I use a list of six (there can be more) potential business objectives that can contribute to a strategy that includes the tactic of outsourcing:
- Scale – leveraging the size of a service operation
- Scope – using end-to-end process thinking to optimize a service
- Quality – using operating model and relevant metrics to improve the business result
- Cost – reducing costs in one of three ways: arbitrage, efficiency, and effectiveness
- Control – using better systems, process, and metrics to improve control of a process
- Focus – reducing (but not eliminating) leadership distraction on non-core business processes
When working with organizations contemplating outsourcing, I can - and do - spend hours talking about each one of these six business objectives, and how they can be possible motivators in a decision to outsource. Too often though, organizations turn to outsourcing without doing the essential diligence of first establishing the business or functional strategy that brings the right blend of the six potential business benefits of outsourcing into clear focus. That results in misalignment of the sourcing relationship with the business objective and strategy. There are specific and different ways of implementing an outsourcing deal to meet different business objectives. If the specific outsourcing methods and structures are not constantly realigned through the sourcing process, then when the organization strikes a deal, the business objectives have a tendency to be reduced to one: cost. Don’t get me wrong. Everyone loves to save some money, and often the misalignment isn’t felt for the first couple of years. Striking a deal that optimizes cost generally sub-optimizes other aspects. As I like to say, you can have speed, quality or cost; pick any two. This principle applies to the balancing of business objectives in an outsourcing relationship as well.
To illustrate the point, a study was released last year showing that more than half of the largest 2000 companies in India actually outsource parts of their back office to other Indian service providers, often at a slight price premium. Why? Top answer is focus. Sure, these companies have access to the same low cost labor and could keep the processes in-house, but chose to do so because their business objective is focus. The message here is to spend the time to build strong linkage from the business objective to the business strategy to the outsourcing strategy and finally to the deal structure with an outsourcer. Catastrophe strikes when the strategic misalignment becomes profound enough for the client business to suffer strategic restrictions because their outsourcing relationship was optimized for a different business objective and can’t change fast enough to meet the needs of the business.
Stay tuned for Part II... which will touch upon the risks of Mutually Assured Distruction if a relationship isn't centered on common business outcomes for both stakeholders
Lee Coulter (pictured) is Research Fellow and Distinguished Analyst for Horses for Sources. Lee supports Horses for Sources' enterprise customers with their outsourcing and shared services strategies - you can read his fill bio here.